Nice Original Signed Hand document by. The document is official from the Cuban Revolution time. MIEMBRO DE HONOR DEL BATALLON ROJO. FIRMADO A MANO POR EL CHE. MEMBER OF HONOR OF THE RED BATALLON DIPLOMA. SIGNED HAND BY CHE GUEVARA. June 14, 1928 October 9, 1967. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution. His stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural. And global insignia in popular culture. As a young medical student. Guevara traveled throughout South America. And was radicalized by the poverty, hunger, and disease he witnessed. His burgeoning desire to help overturn what he saw as the capitalist exploitation of Latin America by the United States prompted his involvement in Guatemala. S social reforms under President Jacobo Árbenz. Whose eventual CIA-assisted overthrow. At the behest of the United Fruit Company. Solidified Guevara’s political ideology. Later, in Mexico City. Joined their 26th of July Movement. And sailed to Cuba aboard the yacht Granma. With the intention of overthrowing U. Backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Guevara soon rose to prominence among the insurgents. Was promoted to second-in-command, and played a pivotal role in the victorious two-year guerrilla campaign that deposed the Batista regime. Following the Cuban Revolution. Guevara performed a number of key roles in the new government. These included reviewing the appeals and firing squads. For those convicted as war criminals. During the revolutionary tribunals. Instituting agrarian land reform. As minister of industries, helping spearhead a successful nationwide literacy campaign. Serving as both national bank president and instructional director for Cuba’s armed forces. And traversing the globe as a diplomat on behalf of Cuban socialism. Such positions also allowed him to play a central role in training the militia forces who repelled the Bay of Pigs Invasion. And bringing the Soviet. To Cuba which precipitated the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Additionally, he was a prolific writer and diarist, composing a seminal manual. About his youthful continental motorcycle journey. His experiences and studying of MarxismLeninism. Led him to posit that the Third World. Was an intrinsic result of imperialism. With the only remedy being proletarian internationalism. Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to foment revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully. And later in Bolivia. Where he was captured by CIA. Assisted Bolivian forces and summarily executed. Guevara remains both a revered and reviled historical figure, polarized in the collective imagination in a multitude. Of biographies, memoirs, essays, documentaries, songs, and films. As a result of his perceived martyrdom. Poetic invocations for class struggle. And desire to create the consciousness of a “new man” driven by moral rather than material incentives. He has evolved into a quintessential icon of various leftist. Magazine named him one of the 100 most influential. People of the 20th century. While an Alberto Korda. Photograph of him, titled Guerrillero Heroico. (shown), was cited by the Maryland Institute College of Art. As “the most famous photograph in the world”. Invasion, warfare, and Santa Clara. Guevara atop a mule in Las Villas province. The first step in Castro’s revolutionary plan was an assault on Cuba from Mexico via the Granma. An old, leaky cabin cruiser. They set out for Cuba on November 25, 1956. Attacked by Batista’s military soon after landing, many of the 82 men were either killed in the attack or executed upon capture; only 22 found each other afterwards. During this initial bloody confrontation Guevara laid down his medical supplies and picked up a box of ammunition dropped by a fleeing comrade, proving to be a symbolic moment in Che’s life. Only a small band of revolutionaries survived to re-group as a bedraggled fighting force deep in the Sierra Maestra. Mountains, where they received support from the urban guerrilla. Network of Frank País. The 26th of July Movement, and local campesinos. With the group withdrawn to the Sierra, the world wondered whether Castro was alive or dead until early 1957 when the interview by Herbert Matthews. Appeared in The New York Times. The article presented a lasting, almost mythical image for Castro and the guerrillas. Guevara was not present for the interview, but in the coming months he began to realize the importance of the media in their struggle. Meanwhile, as supplies and morale diminished, and with an allergy to mosquito bites which resulted in agonizing walnut-sized cysts. Guevara considered these “the most painful days of the war”. During Guevara’s time living hidden among the poor subsistence farmers. Of the Sierra Maestra mountains, he discovered that there were no schools, no electricity, minimal access to healthcare, and more than 40 percent of the adults were illiterate. As the war continued, Guevara became an integral part of the rebel army and “convinced Castro with competence, diplomacy and patience”. Guevara set up factories to make grenades, built ovens to bake bread, taught new recruits about tactics, and organized schools to teach illiterate campesinos to read and write. Moreover, Guevara established health clinics, workshops to teach military tactics, and a newspaper to disseminate information. The man whom Time. Dubbed three years later “Castro’s brain” at this point was promoted by Fidel Castro. To Comandante (commander) of a second army column. As second in command, Guevara was a harsh disciplinarian who sometimes shot defectors. Deserters were punished as traitors, and Guevara was known to send squads to track those seeking to go AWOL. As a result, Guevara became feared for his brutality and ruthlessness. During the guerrilla campaign, Guevara was also responsible for the sometimes summary execution. Of a number of men accused of being informers. In his diaries, Guevara described the first such execution of Eutímio Guerra. A peasant army guide who admitted treason when it was discovered he accepted the promise of ten thousand pesos for repeatedly giving away the rebel’s position for attack by the Cuban air force. Such information also allowed Batista’s army to burn the homes of peasants sympathetic to the revolution. Upon Guerra’s request that they “end his life quickly”. Che stepped forward and shot him in the head, writing The situation was uncomfortable for the people and for Eutimio so I ended the problem giving him a shot with a. 32 pistol in the right side of the brain, with exit orifice in the right temporal [lobe]. His scientific notations and matter-of-fact description, suggested to one biographer a “remarkable detachment to violence” by that point in the war. Later, Guevara published a literary account of the incident, titled “Death of a Traitor”, where he transfigured Eutimio’s betrayal and pre-execution request that the revolution “take care of his children”, into a revolutionary parable. About redemption through sacrifice. Smoking a pipe at his guerrilla base in the Escambray Mountains. Although he maintained a demanding and harsh disposition, Guevara also viewed his role of commander as one of a teacher, entertaining his men during breaks between engagements with readings from the likes of Robert Louis Stevenson. And Spanish lyric poets. Together with this role, and inspired by José Martí. S principle of “literacy without borders”, Guevara further ensured that his rebel fighters made daily time to teach the uneducated campesinos with whom they lived and fought to read and write, in what Guevara termed the “battle against ignorance”. Tomás Alba, who fought under Guevara’s command, later stated that Che was loved, in spite of being stern and demanding. We would (have) given our life for him. His commanding officer Fidel Castro. Described Guevara as intelligent, daring, and an exemplary leader who “had great moral authority over his troops”. Castro further remarked that Guevara took too many risks, even having a “tendency toward foolhardiness”. Guevara’s teenage lieutenant, Joel Iglesias, recounts such actions in his diary, noting that Guevara’s behavior in combat even brought admiration from the enemy. On one occasion Iglesias recounts the time he had been wounded in battle, stating Che ran out to me, defying the bullets, threw me over his shoulder, and got me out of there. The guards didn’t dare fire at him… Later they told me he made a great impression on them when they saw him run out with his pistol stuck in his belt, ignoring the danger, they didn’t dare shoot. Guevara was instrumental in creating the clandestine radio station. (Rebel Radio) in February 1958, which broadcast news to the Cuban people with statements by the 26th of July movement, and provided radiotelephone. Communication between the growing number of rebel columns across the island. Guevara had apparently been inspired to create the station by observing the effectiveness of CIA. Supplied radio in Guatemala in ousting the government of Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán. To quell the rebellion, Cuban government troops began executing rebel prisoners on the spot, and regularly rounded up, tortured, and shot civilians as a tactic of intimidation. Then in late July 1958, Guevara played a critical role in the Battle of Las Mercedes. By using his column to halt a force of 1,500 men called up by Batista’s General Cantillo in a plan to encircle and destroy Castro’s forces. Larry Bockman of the United States Marine Corps. Would analyze and describe Che’s tactical appreciation of this battle as “brilliant”. During this time Guevara also became an “expert” at leading hit-and-run tactics against Batista’s army, and then fading back into the countryside before the army could counterattack. After the Battle of Santa Clara. As the war extended, Guevara led a new column of fighters dispatched westward for the final push towards Havana. Travelling by foot, Guevara embarked on a difficult 7-week march only travelling at night to avoid ambush, and often not eating for several days. In the closing days of December 1958, Guevara’s task was to cut the island in half by taking Las Villas. In a matter of days he executed a series of “brilliant tactical victories” that gave him control of all but the province’s capital city of Santa Clara. Guevara then directed his “suicide squad” in the attack on Santa Clara. That became the final decisive military victory of the revolution. In the six weeks leading up to the Battle of Santa Clara. There were times when his men were completely surrounded, outgunned, and overrun. Che’s eventual victory despite being outnumbered 10:1, remains in the view of some observers a “remarkable tour de force in modern warfare”. Radio Rebelde broadcast the first reports that Guevara’s column had taken Santa Clara. On New Year’s Eve 1958. This contradicted reports by the heavily controlled national news media, which had at one stage reported Guevara’s death during the fighting. Boarded a plane in Havana and fled for the Dominican Republic. The following day on January 2, Guevara entered Havana. To take final control of the capital. Fidel Castro took 6 more days to arrive, as he stopped to rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously into Havana on January 8, 1959. The final death toll from the two years of revolutionary fighting was 2,000 people. Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna. Ernesto “Che” Guevara 1928. The item “1965 Ernesto Che Guevara Signed Autographed Document with COA Cuba Revolution” is in sale since Sunday, June 04, 2017. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “van_amburgh” and is located in Aranjuez. This item can be shipped worldwide.
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- Signed by: CHE GUEVARA
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